When people think of deadly diseases, they will immediately conclude that they are fast- acting and incurable. However, all top 5 causes of deaths in Malaysia turn out to be the most common and non-communicable diseases around us. From heart disease to stroke to diabetes, here is the list of the top 5 killer diseases in Malaysia.
1. Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in Malaysia. It is a disease, which the wax substances called plaques, block the blood flows in the arteries. It occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are blocked. Individuals are more likely to experience shortness of breath, aching sensation in your chest, cold sweat or sudden dizziness.
Stroke is a “brain attack”. It occurs when the blood flow to the area of the brain is cut off and it can happen to anyone, any time. It is often called the ‘deadliest silent killer’ as most of the victims are not aware when it attacks. Hence, it leads to a dramatically increment of the incidence and prevalence of stroke in Malaysia.
Pneumonia is a serious infection or inflammation of one or both lungs. It is a common yet life-threatening disease. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Victims are more likely to get fever, cough, chest pain and shortness of breath when they are infected.
4. Lung diseases
Lung diseases prevent our lungs to function well. There are three main types of lung diseases, which are: airway disease, lung tissue diseases and lung circulation diseases. Many lung diseases involve a combination of these three types such as asthma, lung cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and many more.
5. Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the amount of sugar in the blood is elevated. It is divided into Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease which the body’s immune system attack the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Type 2 Diabetes can be inherited by gene or affected by unhealthy lifestyle, like obesity and sedentary lifestyle. People with diabetes often experience fatigue, thirst, hunger, blurry vision and so on.
In short, it is important for Malaysians to start doing prevention and adopted a healthy lifestyle before it starts, thus, regular health checkups is vital to avoid the top 5 diseases as prevention is always better than cure.